Zheng Shuna, vice-chairperson of the Legislative Affairs Commission of the National People's Congress Standing Committee, stresses that safeguarding national security is a constitutional obligation that must be honored by the two SARs. (PHOTO PROVIDED TO CHINA DAILY)
Judiciary authorities in the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions shoulder the responsibility to uphold national security, a senior official of the law department of the nation’s top legislature urged on Sunday.
Safeguarding national security is a constitutional obligation as stipulated in the country’s Constitution
Zheng Shuna, Vice-Chairperson, Legislative Affairs Commission of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee
Zheng Shuna, vice-chairperson of the Legislative Affairs Commission of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, made the call in an address at Hong Kong’s first National Security Education Day Symposium.
She said safeguarding national security is a constitutional obligation as stipulated in the country’s Constitution, while the National Security Law of the People’s Republic of China, which was enacted in July 2015, requires both SAR governments to honor their obligations in safeguarding national security.
The judiciary, legislature and executive branches in the two SARs are, therefore, required to perform that duty, Zheng said.
As both SARs practice a social system that’s different from that of the mainland, they should enact their own national security legislation to prohibit any act of treason, secession, sedition and subversion against the central government, or theft of State secrets, she stressed.
The enacted national security law should also prohibit foreign political organizations or bodies from conducting political activities in the two regions, and bar political organizations or bodies in the two SARs from setting up ties with foreign political organizations or bodies, Zheng stressed.
As Hong Kong held its first event in line with National Security Education Day, Macao also organized its first exhibition with the same theme on Sunday.
The Macao SAR enacted its own national security legislation in 2009, while Hong Kong’s attempt has been stalled since 2003.
Speaking at the exhibition, Macao SAR Chief Executive Fernando Chui Sai-on said safeguarding national security requires concrete measures to execute Macao’s National Security Law, as well as public education and promotion of such legislation.
The National Security Law has been in effect in Macao since March 2009 – 10 years after its return to the motherland.
National Security Education Day has been observed on April 15 every year since 2016 with the aim of raising public awareness of national security.
Zheng said the duty to safeguard national security should go beyond enacting local legislation. It should also cover various fields, including internet safety, anti-terrorism, and the handling of emergency situations.
She also urged both SARs to step up cooperation with the mainland authorities in issues concerning national security.
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