Fund-management guru Alvin Fan says his business is a challenging one, and calls for plenty of skill and discipline. He tells Duan Ting his mission is to prepare fund managers on the mainland to take on the world.
Alvin Fan, director and chief executive officer of Oriental Patron Investment Management, is keen to help young asset managers develop their careers by sitting with them through every step. (PARKER ZHENG / CHINA DAILY)
As big time entrepreneurs and businesses on the Chinese mainland set their sights on the global stage, asset managers have emerged as “precious commodities”, and there’s a great need for a fund incubator to teach new managers how to build up offshore funds to grab the opportunities on offer.
Alvin Fan, director and chief executive officer of Oriental Patron Investment Management (OPIM) — a member of Hong Kong-based Oriental Patron Financial Group (OPFG) — finds the mission particularly urgent with the mainland’s asset management industry having grown by leaps and bounds in the past few years to US$2.8 trillion.
He thinks it’s only a matter of time before Chinese asset managers go out, with their number having hit a peak of some 30,000 in the past few years. The nation’s capital control measures, however, have forced their domain to be confined to domestic operations for the time being.
We are not a massive investment bank but we are very focused on what we do know which is about structuring and fund management
Alvin Fan, director and chief executive officer of Oriental Patron Investment Management
In the past 18 months, OPIM itself had signed up almost 40 managers on the mainland and, since 2008, the leading hedge fund structuring and incubation platform based in the SAR has taken more than 35 funds into its fold.
“We really saw the need to educate new managers how to build and develop a fund that can compete on a global scale, something that’s very different from trading personal accounts,” Fan tells China Daily. “Running a fund is like running a business; profitability is just the minimum requirement. Clients need reassurance you’ve all the risk management systems in place to face markets or situations however tough they may be.”
OPIM’s priority is to develop the fund incubator and discover the next great Asian fund managers and present them to the world, says Fan. He notes that most of the institutional asset allocations at present are managed out of Los Angeles, New York and London, and they want to help mainland managers bridge that gap. This calls for translating value and strategy into a language that global institutional investors can understand.
“We provide them with the infrastructure and the team, as well as access to prime brokers, products and investors, which they normally would not be able to access as individual or mainland managers. Typically their funds would grow from around US$35 million and, with third-party investment, they could reach US$80 to US$100 million, after which they can attract serious allocators. Foreign institutional investors have minimum investment of US$5 million and maximum exposure of 5 percent to 10 percent, so naturally funds need to have minimum investment of US$50 to US$100 million before you can entertain those investors,” says Fan, adding they want high-performing managers to grow to attract institutional investors.
Reducing the stress
According to Fan, it’s very difficult for fund managers to raise money in their first two years. And, there’s a lot of stress for entrepreneurs and fund managers to ensure an even cash flow. The break-even point for a typical fund is roughly US$15 million which itself is not easy to attain. The biggest risk for fund managers at present is when they can get a fund launched.
“We try to reduce the pressure on them by helping them install discipline in their business so that they will not be distracted by external factors which may affect them in making decisions. We try to get them in front of real institutional investors, who are very demanding and take business seriously, as soon as possible. Those professional investors are not just going to look at absolute returns, but also how you make that return, how consistent you make that return, what type of risk management framework you have, how you take profits and stop your losses under different market conditions,” he says.
“We interview more over 350 managers a year. From my experience, not many new managers are prepared for this.”
Managers are benefiting a lot from the incubator. “When they work with us, we used to take equity but now we share the fees with them, both in management and performance. By sharing the fees, when they grow, we grow with them. When they reach a certain stage, they may spin off if they want,” says Fan.
The difficulties they face when dealing with clients are to some extent capital control issues and increased regulations, following the mainland’s financial market crisis in 2015 when the number of managers had almost halved, says Fan.
“There’s ego in this industry, especially amongst asset managers. However, an important trait of being an entrepreneur is an openness to learning. Our goal is to help managers build a robust two-year track record, and we help them grow every step of the way. When they have a two-year track record, they can present themselves well to global investors.”
OPIM is a licensed asset management company in Hong Kong with Type 4 (advising on securities) and Type 9 (asset management). Its parent company OPFG was founded in 1993 by two policy writers from the China Securities Regulatory Commission and two investment bankers from Hong Kong. Currently, OPFG has over 120 staff in the group and 20 professional for the investment company, OPIM, in Hong Kong.
Fans says the group’s mission at that time was quite simple — helping small companies on the Chinese mainland raise capital in Hong Kong and globally. “We were one of the first corporate advisory firms to help these companies list in Hong Kong on the main board and the Growth Enterprise Market board, and we were one of the first advisers to be part of the gem board panel.”
“Back in 1993, we were helping our clients, who were quite small , access capital markets in Hong Kong. They have all grown quite substantially since them, and our company has grown with them. Over time, we’ve moved into areas like brokerage, mergers and acquisitions, institutional sales, and finally asset management.”
Back in 2006 and 2008, Fan recalls, there were only a few deals that had really put the group on the map. The first was when OPIM co-invested in and co-managed with China International Capital Corporation, which would only work with big asset management firms with assets under management of about $25 billion or more, in an oil-and-gas deal. “That was meaningful, which showed they trusted us,” says Fan.
In 2006 when the parent company teamed up with China Southern Asset Management — one of the largest fixed-income management enterprises on the mainland. When China Southern came to Hong Kong, it was one of the first companies to be authorized under the Renminbi Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor scheme, and they were very ambitious in building new products. OPFG and China Southern jointly set up CSOP Asset Management in 2008 which, currently, has approximately US$4 billion in assets under management.
Building track record
“As a result of their success, we were approached by others who also wanted to build up a track record in the asset management business.”
In 2008, OPIM decided to try the fund incubator model and eventually decided it’s an interesting one it should focus on. From 2010, they started focusing on risk management and rebranding the company, and building the first fund of funds in association with local investors and family offices and other funds of funds.
The purpose of fund of funds was to find really talented Asian managers who are able to work with large firms and have a deep understanding of China, as well as great ideas and deep respect for risk management. “We started with eight funds of funds and a few of them have performed very well as a result. Since then, we’ve structured over 40 funds, and in 2017 we signed on 23 funds, many of which will be ready to launch in 2018,” says Fan.
“We are not a massive investment bank but we are very focused on what we do know which is about structuring and fund management,” he says. “We can help managers looking for assets offshore and we can also help large funds and funds of funds build a presence in Asia without them having to send the whole team over.”
‘We’ve to create a language to speak to the world’
Globally, there’s a theme of democratization of asset management under the current technology revolution, with lots of the money management power now decentralized in a way from institutions to investors as they are having more control on how to invest, according to Alvin Fan, director and chief executive officer of Oriental Patron Investment Management.
He says technology is changing the asset management business into something that needs emerging fund managers as technology development rages on the Chinese mainland. But, he admits that the adoption rate of technology in asset management is still in its infancy.
The current challenge for technology development, he believes, is that it’s a bit insular and only China centric and it has yet to speak to the rest of the world. It may need to build the technology to speak the same asset management language globally.
OPIM announced in September last year its strategic investment in Fundseeder — an emerging financial software company based in Florida, US — to help institutional investors link up with undiscovered trading talent and bring trader analytics and a trader talent search platform to Hong Kong and the Chinese mainland.
On the asset management side, Fan says they are exploring opportunities in blockchain and bitcoins, but will wait to see more successful cases.
Talking about markets, he says they do see capital moving into emerging markets like Vietnam, Thailand and India, as the Chinese mainland is cleaning up and the cost of production is going up due to manufactories moving out. Hong Kong occupies a unique position through its history as a financial hub, and it’s the first place where international investors will look at to access Silk Road assets and where central Asian countries which do not have deep capital markets will consider for funding.
Fan came to Hong Kong and landed his first job at IBM doing project management from 2001 to 2003 after graduating from the University of Western Ontario. Then he pursued the MBA program at the same university from 2004 to 2006. After that, he moved to private equity and joined Oriental Patron Financial Group in 2009.
In terms of management philosophy, Fan says he relies a lot on technology in managing funds and believes that online is the key to the industry’s future.
For the younger generation aiming to enter the trade, he advises: “I usually tell my interns they must decide their own level of participation. It’s not about the job title, but your trade skill, your craft. Whether it’s speaking, writing, design or research or project management, working hard on your craft will allow you to add unique value to the firm.
He believes there’s opportunity in any sector of the financial world. It may take 10,000 hours to be a master of everything, so just “put in the hours” and concentrate on it.
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